Produced between the 1936 and the 1957, with important technical variations to the previous Model 1886 designed by John M. and Matthew S. Browning,

 it is identified as the first rifle chambered for a specific cartridge (.348 WCF) as well as for the last “big game” lever action rifle produced by Winchester. Advertised as The Universal Big-Game Rifle, the Model 71 was welcomed with enthusiasm by the big game hunters.